Kornelius Kupczik

Biólogo con mención en Antropología Biológica, Zoología y Geología/Paleontología (Universidad de Hamburgo, Alemania, 1999; revalidado por la Universidad de Chile en 2020). Doctor (PhD) en Paleontología de Vertebrados (University College London, Reino Unido, 2004). Habilitación y venia legendi en Zoología (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Alemania, 2014).

  • 2022 – actualidad. Paleoantropología
  • 2022 – actualidad. Taller de Memoria I: Mención Física
  • 2022 – actualidad. Taller de Memoria II: Mención Física
  • 2020 – actualidad. Evolución Humana
  • 2019 – actualidad. Teoría Antropología Biológica II: Evolución
  • 2018 – actualidad. Evolución de Primates
  • 2021. Taller II: Materialidad y Bioantropología
  • 2021. Taller de Investigación I – Física

Dirección de tesis y memorias

  • 2015 – actualidad. Dirección y examinación de tesis doctorales y de magíster
  • 2014 – actualidad. Formación de nuevos académicos/as al nivel posdoctorado
  • 2012 – actualidad. Dirección de memorias y tesis pregrado/bachillerato

Mis áreas de interés son la Evolución Humana, Paleoantropología, Antropología Dental y la Morfología funcional. El objetivo principal de mi línea de investigación es entender los mecanismos y procesos microevolutivos detrás de la evolución de la dieta de los seres humanos pasados y actuales. Analizo material óseo y dental de homínidos, y además utilizo modelos animales con el fin de estudiar de manera experimental o a través de observaciones en el campo la interacción entre los alimentos, los movimientos mandibulares y las variaciones morfológicas del aparato masticatorio.

Proyectos

  • 2020 – 2024 Fondecyt Regular Regular N° 1201385 "Molecular determinants involved in musculoskeletal impairment after botulinum toxin type A intervention in the masticatory system." Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, Chile (Co-Investigador)
  • 2014 – 2018 “Physical Anthropology Through Bone/Tooth Structure-Function Studies”, Max-Planck-Weizmann-Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Leipzig, Alemania (Investigador Principal)
  • 2017 “Why teeth don’t fail: revealing structural principles in the tooth supporting apparatus in the smallest living primate, the grey mouse lemur (Microcebus murinus)”. European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, Francia (Investigador Principal)
  • 2016 “3D-biomaterial characteristics of native mammalian teeth under load“. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburgo, Alemania (Co-Investigador)
  • van Casteren, A., Codd, J.R., Kupczik, K., Plasqui, G., Sellers, W.I., Henry, A.G. (2022) The cost of chewing: the energetics and evolutionary significance of mastication in humans. Science Advances
  • Deutsch, A.R., Dickinson, E., Whichard, V.A., Lagomarsino, G.R., Perry, J.P.G., Kupczik, K., Hartstone-Rose, A. (2022) Primate Body Mass and Dietary Correlates of Tooth Root Surface Area. American Journal of Biological Anthropology, 177: 4-26.
  • Schuh, A., Gunz, P., Kupczik, K., Hublin, J. J., Freidline, S. E. (2021). Quantifying maxillary development in chimpanzees and humans: An analysis of prognathism and orthognathism at the morphological and microscopic scales. Journal of Human Evolution, 157, 103031.
  • Berthaume, M.A., Kupczik, K. (2021) Molar function in South African hominins Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus. Royal Society Interface Focus 11: 2020008520200085 http://doi.org/10.1098/rsfs.2020.0085
  • Power, R.C, Wittig, R.M., Stone, J.R., Kupczik, K., Schulz-Kornas, E. (2021) The representativeness of the dental calculus dietary record: insights from Taï chimpanzee faecal phytoliths. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 13: 104 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-021-01342-z
  • Stuhlträger, J., Schulz-Kornas, E., Kullmer, O., Janocha, M.M., Wittig, R.M., Kupczik, K. (2021) Molar wear patterns reveal dental behavior and season of death in a historical chimpanzee population. PLOS ONE https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0251309
  • Selig, K., Kupczik, K., Silcox, M. (2021) Brief Communication: The effect of hard object feeding on relative pulp volume of the lower molars. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 174(4): 804-811
  • Buvinic, S., Balanta-Melo, J., Kupczik, K., Vásquez, W., Beato, C., Toro-Ibacache, V. (2021) Muscle-bone crosstalk in the masticatory system: from biomechanical to molecular interactions. Frontiers in Endocrinology 11: 606947.
  • Bemmann, M., Schulz-Kornas, E., Hammel, J.U., Hipp, A., Moosmann, J., Herrel, A., Rack, A., Radespiel, U., Zimmermann, E., Kaiser, T.M., Kupczik, K. (2021) 3D movement analysis of primate molar teeth under load using synchrotron X-ray microtomography. Journal of Structural Biology 213
  • Schuh, A., Villa, C., Kupczik, K., Gunz, P., Hublin, J.-J., Freidline, S.E. (2020) Intraspecific variability in human maxillary bone modeling patterns during ontogeny. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 173: 655-670.
  • Verna, C., Détroit, F., Kupczik, K., Arnaud, J., Balzeau, A., Grimaud-Hervé, D., Bertrand, S., Riou, B., Moncel, M.-H. (2020) The Middle Pleistocene hominin mandible from Payre (Ardèche, France). Journal of Human Evolution 144: 102775.
  • Bailey, S.E., Kupczik, K., Hublin, J.-J., Antón, S.C. (2020) Reply to Scott et al: A closer look at the three-rooted lower second molar of an archaic human from Xiahe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(1): 39-40.
  • Turcotte, C.M., Green, D.J., Kupczik, K., McFarlin, S., Schulz-Kornas, E. (2019) Elevated activity levels do not influence extrinsic fiber attachment morphology on the surface of muscle-attachment sites. Journal of Anatomy 236(5), 827-839.
  • Stuhlträger, J., Schulz-Kornas, E., Wittig, R.M., Kupczik, K. (2019) Ontogenetic dietary shifts and microscopic tooth wear in western chimpanzees. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 298; DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00298
  • van Casteren, A., Wright, E., Kupczik, K., Robbins, M.M. (2019) Unexpected Hard Object Feeding in Western Lowland Gorillas. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 170(3), 433-438.
  • Schuh, A., Kupczik, K., Gunz, P., Hublin, J.-J., Freidline, S.E. (2019) Ontogeny of the human maxilla: a study of intra-population variability combining surface bone histology and geometrics morphometrics. Journal of Anatomy 235(2): 233-245.
  • Berthaume, M.A., Winchester, J., Kupczik, K. (2019a) Ambient occlusion and PCV (portion de ciel visible): A new dental topographic metric and proxy of morphological wear resistance. PLOS ONE 14(5): e0215436. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215436
  • Berthaume, M. A., Winchester, J., Kupczik, K. (2019b). Effects of cropping, smoothing, triangle count, and mesh resolution on 6 dental topographic metrics. PLOS ONE, 14 (5), e0216229. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216229
  • Kupczik, K., Delezene, L.D., Skinner, M.M. (2019) Mandibular molar root and pulp cavity morphology in Homo naledi and other Plio-Pleistocene hominins. Journal of Human Evolution 130, 83-95.
  • Schuh, A., Kupczik, K., Gunz, P., Hublin, J.-J., Freidline, S.E. (2019) Ontogeny of the human maxilla: a study of intra-population variability combining surface bone histology and geometrics morphometrics. Journal of Anatomy 235(2), 233-245.
  • Schulz-Kornas, E., Stuhlträger, J., Clauss, M., Wittig, R.M., Kupczik, K. (2019) Dust affects chewing efficiency and tooth wear in forest dwelling Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 169(1), 66-77.
  • Balanta-Melo, J., Toro-Ibacache, V., Kupczik, K., Buvinic S. (2019) Mandibular Bone Loss after Masticatory Muscles Intervention with Botulinum Toxin: An Approach from Basic Research to Clinical Findings. Toxins 11(2), 84; doi:10.3390/toxins11020084
  • Balanta-Melo, J., Torres-Quintana, M.A., Bemmann, M., Vega, C., González, C., Kupczik, K., Toro-Ibacache, V., Buvinic, S. (2018) Masseter muscle atrophy impairs bone quality of the mandibular condyle but not the alveolar process early after induction. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 1-9, DOI: 10.1111/joor.12747.
  • Pérez-Ramos, A., Kupczik, K., H. Van Heteren, A., Rabeder, G., Grandal-D’Anglade, A., Pastor, F.J., Serrano, F.J., Figueirido, B. (2018) A three-dimensional analysis of tooth-root morphology in living bears and implications for feeding behaviour in the extinct cave bear. Historical Biology: 1-13, DOI: 10.1080/08912963.2018.1525366.
  • Kupczik, K., Toro-Ibacache, V., Macho, G.A. (2018) On the relationship between maxillary molar root shape and jaw kinematics in Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus. Royal Society Open Science 5: 180825, http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180825
  • van Casteren, A., Oelze, V.M., Angedakin, S., Kalan, A.K., Kambi, M., Boesch, C., Kühl, H.S., Langergraber, K.E., Piel, A.K., Stewart, F.A., Kupczik, K. (2018) Food mechanical properties and isotopic signatures in forest versus savannah dwelling eastern chimpanzees. Communications Biology 1: 109, https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-018-0115-6
  • Berthaume, M. A., Delezene, L. K., Kupczik, K. (2018). Dental topography and the diet of Homo naledi. Journal of Human Evolution, 118, 14-26.
  • Dickinson, E., Fitton, L.C., Kupczik, K. (2018) Ontogenetic changes to muscle architectural properties within the jaw-adductor musculature of Macaca fascicularis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 167: 291-310.
  • Balanta-Melo, J., Toro-Ibacache, V, Torres-Quintana, M.A., Kupczik, K., Vega, C., Morales, C., Hernández-Moya, N., Arias-Calderón, M., Beato, C., Buvinic, S. (2018) Early molecular response and microanatomical changes in the masseter muscle and mandibular head after botulinum toxin intervention in adult mice. Annals of Anatomy 216: 112-119.
  • Pierantoni, M., Tenne, R., Rephael, B., Brumfeld, V., van Casteren, A., Kupczik, K., Oron, D., Addadi, L., Weiner, S. (2018) Mineral deposits in Ficus leaves: Morphologies and locations in relation to function. Plant Physiology 176: 1751–1763.
  • Dickinson, E., Stark, H., & Kupczik, K. (2017). Non-destructive determination of muscle architectural variables through the use of DiceCT. The Anatomical Record 301: 363-377.
  • Curth, S., Fischer, M. S., & Kupczik, K. (2017). Can skull form predict the shape of the temporomandibular joint? A study using geometric morphometrics on the skulls of wolves and domestic dogs. Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger 214: 53-62.
  • Kupczik, K., Cagan, A., Brauer, S., Fischer, M.S. (2017) The dental phenotype of hairless dogs with FOXI3 haploinsufficiency. Scientific Reports, 7: 5459.
  • Curth, S., Fischer, M.S., Kupczik, K. (2017) Patterns of Integration in the Canine Skull: An Inside View into the Relationship of the Skull Modules in Domestic Dogs and Wolves. Zoology 125:1-9.
  • Spassov, A., Toro-Ibacache, V., Krautwald, M., Brinkmeier, H., Kupczik, K. (2017) Congenital and induced changes in muscle function affect skull morphology differentially. Journal of Anatomy 231: 736-748
  • Skinner, M.M., de Vries, D., Gunz, P., Kupczik, K., Klassen, P., Hublin, J.-J., Roksandic, M. (2016) A dental perspective on the taxonomic affinity of the Balanica mandible (BH-1). Journal of Human Evolution 93: 63-81.
  • Benazzi, S., Nguyen, H.N., Kullmer, O., Kupczik, K. (2016) Dynamic modelling of tooth deformation: a novel approach using occlusal kinematics and finite element analysis. PLOS ONE 11(3): e0152663
  • Kupczik, K., Stark, H., Mundry, R., Neininger, F., Heidlauf, T., Röhrle, O. (2015) Reconstruction of muscle fascicle architecture from iodine-enhanced microCT images: a combined texture mapping and streamline approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology 382: 34-43.
  • Kupczik, K., Chattah, N.L.T. (2014). The Adaptive Significance of Enamel Loss in the Mandibular Incisors of Cercopithecine Primates (Mammalia: Cercopithecidae): A Finite Element Modelling Study. PLOS ONE, 9(5), e97677.
  • Stynder, D.S, Kupczik, K. (2013) Tooth root morphology in the early Pliocene African bear Agriotherium africanum (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) and its implications for feeding ecology. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 20: 227-237.
  • Le Cabec, A., Gunz, P., Kupczik, K., Braga, J., Hublin, J.-J. (2013) Anterior tooth root morphology and size in Neanderthals: taxonomic and functional implications. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 169-193.
  • Le Cabec, A., Kupczik, K., Gunz, P., Braga, J., Hublin, J.-J. (2012) Long anterior Tooth roots in Neanderthals are not the result of their large jaws. Journal of Human Evolution 63: 667-681.
  • Kupczik, K., Stynder, D. (2012) Tooth root morphology as an indicator for dietary specialisation in carnivores (Mammalia: Carnivora). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 105: 465-471.
  • Smith, T.M., Kupczik, K., Machanda, Z., Skinner, M.M., Zermeno, J.P. (2012) Enamel thickness in Bornean and Sumatran orangutan dentitions. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147:417-426.
  • Kullmer, O., Sandrock, O., Kupczik, K., Frost, S.R., Volpato, V, Bromage, T.G., Schrenk, F. (2011) New Primate Remains from Mwenirondo, Chiwondo Beds in Northern Malawi. Journal of Human Evolution 61: 617-623.
  • Lev-Tov Chattah, N. Kupczik, K., Shahar, R., Hublin, J.-J., Weiner, S. (2011) Structure-function relations of primate lower incisors: a study of the deformation of Macaca mulatta dentition using Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry (ESPI). Journal of Anatomy 218: 87–95.
  • Kupczik, K., Hublin, J.-J. (2010) Mandibular molar root morphology in Neanderthals and Late Pleistocene and recent Homo sapiens. Journal of Human Evolution 59: 525-541.
  • Skinner, M.M. Evans, A., Smith, T., Jernvall, J., Tafforeau, P., Kupczik, K., Olejniczak, A.J., Rosas, A., Radovčić, J., Thackeray, J.F., Toussaint, M., Hublin J.-J. (2010). Brief Communication: Contributions of enamel-dentine junction shape and enamel deposition to primate molar crown complexity. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142: 157-163.
  • Smith, T.M., Olejniczak, A.J., Kupczik, K., Lazzari, V., Vos, J., Kullmer, O., Schrenk, F., Hublin, J.-J., Jacob, T., Tafforeau, P. (2009) Taxonomic assessment of the Trinil molars using non-destructive 3D structural and developmental analysis. PaleoAnthropology 2009: 117-129.
  • Kupczik, K.*, Dobson, C.A., Crompton, R.H., Phillips, R., Oxnard, C.E., Fagan, M.J., O'Higgins P. (2009) Masticatory loading and bone adaptation in the supraorbital torus of developing macaques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139: 193-203.
  • Kupczik, K. (2008) Virtual biomechanics: basic concepts and technical aspects of finite element analysis in vertebrate morphology. Journal of Anthropological Sciences 86: 193-198.
  • Curtis, N., Kupczik, K., O.Higgins, P., Moazen, M., Fagan, M.J. (2008) Predicting Skull Loading: Applying Multibody Dynamics Analysis to a Macaque skull. Anatomical Record 291: 491-501.
  • Kupczik, K., Dean, M.C. (2008) Comparative observations on the tooth root morphology of Gigantopithecus blacki. Journal of Human Evolution 54: 196-204.
  • Kupczik, K., Dobson, C.A., Fagan, M.J., Crompton, R.H., Oxnard, C.E., O’Higgins, P. (2007) Assessing mechanical function of the zygomatic region in macaques: validation and sensitivity testing of finite element models. Journal of Anatomy 210: 41–53.
  • O’Higgins, P., Bastir, M., Kupczik, K. (2006) Shaping the human face. International Congress Series 1296: 55 – 73.
  • Bräuer, G., Groden, C., Gröning, Kroll, A., Kupczik, K., Mbua, E., Pommert, A., Schiemann, T. (2004) Virtual study of the endocranial morphology of the matrix-filled cranium from Eliye Springs, Kenya. Anatomical Record 276A: 113 – 133.
  • Bräuer, G., Groden, C., Delling, G., Kupczik, K., Mbua, E., Schultz, M. (2003) Pathological alterations in the archaic Homo sapiens cranium from Eliye Springs, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 120: 200 – 204.

Gestión Académica

  • 2022 – actualidad. Coordinador de las Prácticas Profesionales, mención Antropología Física
  • 2014 – 2019. Director de Investigación científica. Max-Planck-Weizmann-Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Max Planck Institut for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Alemania.
  • 2004 – actualidad. Par evaluador de artículos científicos de revistas antropológicas y biológicas y de proyectos de investigación (EEUU, España, Alemania, Austria)
  • 2012 – 2020. Miembro de comité editorial de la revista PLOS ONE

Extensión y Divulgación

  • Entrevistas a medios de comunicación nacionales e internacionales (prensa, radio, televisión) sobre temas paleoantropológicos y de la evolución humana
  • Asesoría científica para programas de televisión
  • Participación en el diseño de exhibiciones de museos
  • Publicación de imágenes y reconstrucciones científicas en libros de textos de antropología biológica
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